Odinakolisa Christopher Okudo (PhD), Obumse Nneka Anthonia (PhD), Ngozi Theresa Nwudu (PhD)


This study was on attachment styles as correlate to substance addictions and prostitution among tertiary school students from Enugu State. Three research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. The population of the study was all the undergraduate students from tertiary institutions in Enugu State. The sample size was 1975 students chosen through purposive sampling technique from various universities in the state. The instrument for data collection was a researcher developed questionnaire consisting of three clusters and containing 40 items to measure how attachment styles correlates with substance addiction and prostitution. The questionnaire was distributed through the assistance of five counsellors in the major universities of the state. The reliability of the instrument was established using split half method and Cronbach’s alpha was used for the calculation and the co-efficient of  a was found to be (0.65). The data collected was analysed using pie chart for research question one and Pearson’s Product moment of correlation for research question two and three. The hypotheses were tested using -t- test for correlations. The findings of the study revealed that the students rated their attachment styles as follows (45, 30, 15, 10) % respectively for (secure, disorganized resistant and avoidant) styles of attachment. The correlation features reveal 0.68 and 0.62 for addiction and prostitution respectively. The hypothesis showed that there was a significant relationship between the urban and rural students rating of involvement in substance addiction and prostitution based on the attachment styles. The following recommendations among others were made; namely: the need to intensify moral education and parental involvements, parents should monitor the friendship circles of their children.


Attachment Styles, Correlation, Substance Addictions, Prostitution, Tertiary School Students.

Full Text:



Aviv, W., Lichen, K., Hila,E; Koby, C., and Michael, L. (2015).Sexual compulsion, relationship with sex, attachment and sexual orientation. Journal of behavioural addiction 4 (1) 22 – 26.

Boris, N.W., Fueyo M, ZeanahC.H (1997). Clinical assessment of attachment in children under Five. J on academic child adolescent psychiatry 36: 29 – 31.

Clinard, M, B., and Medrer, R.F (2011). Sociology of deviant behaviour. (14th ed) fourth worth TX.

Dianne Benoit (2023). Infant parent attachment. Doi 10. 1093/pch/9.8.541

Dozier, M., Stovall K.C and Albus K.A (1999). Attachment and psychopathology in adulthood. In Cassidy J, Shaver. P.R, editors. Handbook of attachment. New York. Gulford press. 1999 497 – 519.

Engel: H and Heister M. (1995). The long term consequences of infant day care and mother attachment. Child development 66.474 – 55.

Fraly, R., Booth – laforce, Owen. P and Holland, M (2013) in LD Worthy, T Lavigine and F Romero; culture and psychology.

Freebierg. M.N and Van Winklle. J.H (2011). Sexual compulsivity and Gestalt therapy. A Case Study. Retrieved from

Ijzendoorn Van Marinus (2022). Encyclopaedia on early child development.

Karila, I., wery, A., Weiristein, A, Cothen, O., Petit, A., Regnard M and Billeure. J (2014). Sexual addiction nor hyper sexual disorder. Different words for same problem. Pharmaceutical design.

Weitzer, R (2011). Legalizing prostitution from illicit vice to lawful business. New York. New York university press.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2024 Odinakolisa Christopher Okudo (PhD), Obumse Nneka Anthonia (PhD), Ngozi Theresa Nwudu (PhD)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.










 ISSN (Print):   2695-2319

ISSN (Online): 2695-2327





Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.