VIRTUE ETHICS AND VOTING BEHAVIOUR IN NIGERIA

Asukwo Edet Oko (PhD), John Clerk Koko (PhD), Christiana Precious Blessed

Abstract


Until the mid-twentieth century, deontological categories of normative ethics held sway in discussions relating to the right way of viewing or judging people’s actions. In the twentieth century, however, there was a renaissance of interest in virtue ethics, one of the ethical theories prefigured by Aristotle, which has to do with judging an action from the point of view of the satisfaction gained by the agent through a display of virtue. Unfortunately, the deontological category (which proposes that human actions should be judged by obedience to set rules irrespective of the outcome) and teleological (utilitarian) category (which judge action based on its consequence or outcome) had already become normative for many, with the latter gaining more grounds especially within political undertakings and work ethics. This paper, therefore, aims at proposing an adoption of virtue ethics as a philosophy for citizens of Nigeria especially as they prepare for the polls in 2027. The research approach is participant observation and descriptive methods. The work shows that the adoption of virtue ethics to influence the pre-electoral processes of campaign, registration of voters and other forms of preparation for the polls would guarantee the right motivation, objectivity, smooth registration, standard campaign activities and, ultimately, a free, fair and credible electoral process come 2027.


Keywords


Virtue Ethics, Democracy, Electoral Process, Voting Behavior, Nigeria.

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