Ikaonaworio Eferebo (PhD)


Kule is a medium of ritual entertainment and communication of the philosophical aspiration of individuals and communities through drum lore, among many other indigenous artistic praise drum media in the Ijo society. Kule (drum praise name) is however identified as a driver of the cultural heritage edifice and veritable instrument that promotes honesty, prowess, ideology and thus, most crucially, the embodiment of Ijo traditions. This is especially as the Ijo people expresses identity, courage, as well as dignity of social life; communicating a sense of the history of the great activities of both individuals and communities of their heroism, valor, contribution, among others, in the life of individuals, communities, and intergroup relationships.The study used the historical method and accesses data through primary and secondary sources for analysis. The discussion of finding reveals that kule is central in all the lived experiences of the Ijo society’s past and even in contemporary times during their numerous festivities that ranges from masquerade traditions, wrestling, hunting and fishing, and entrepreneurship. The talking drum greets and honors both individuals, communities, and recognizes distant moral communities in this potent ritual language. The significant linguistic rituality of kule has intellectual contents and values that spar studies of the Ijo culturally lived experiences anchored on some recommendations.


Kule, Social Heritage, Ijo Culture, Lived Experience, Philosophical Thought, Artistic Praise, Traditions.

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