TRADITIONAL INSTITUTIONS AND PEACE CONSTRUCT IN BENIN CITY, EDO STATE

Clemetina Ngozi Onyebuchi Chiazor (PhD), Emeka Nwando

Abstract


This study analyzed the role of traditional institutions in the achievement of peace and development in Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria. The Benin traditional council is seen as the power house of traditional peace-construct and cases involving crime and civil conflict are resolved by them. This function has a dynamic role in the maintenance of peace and stability of the city. The traditional council and palace of the Ancient Benin kingdom was very powerful, as it served as arbiter, peace maker and also law enforcer over its subjects. These ideals survived into contemporary Benin Kingdom, as the Palace of the King and other lesser courts of chiefs, still intervene in civil and criminal cases for resolution. However, the role played by the traditional councils and Palace in the resolution of disputes has weakened, due to the formal adoption of the Western models of conflict resolution, which adopts other methods like mediation, conciliation and negotiation. Benin City and Nigeria in general is being inundated with series of communal violence, and there is dire need for a comprehensive study into the role of traditional rulers in the achievement of peace and development in Benin City, Edo State. The study made use of the qualitative research methodology in gathering and analyzing data used in the research. Findings made shows that the traditional council of Benin Kingdom has institutions for the resolution of disputes in Benin City. The study also reveals that strengthening of the Benin traditional institutions of conflict resolution will help to checkmate disputes that abound in local communities of the City. The study recommends that the government should engage and enhance the capacity of the traditional councils to serve as viable options for the resolution of dispute among their subjects.


Keywords


Traditional Institutions, Peace Construct, Ancient Benin Kingdom, Conflict Resolution, Contemporary Benin Society.

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 ISSN (Print):   2695-2319

ISSN (Online): 2695-2327

 

 

   

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.