Fatimat Oluwakemi Binta Shoge


This study examined entrepreneurship education and the challenges of graduates’ self-reliance in state universities in South-West, Nigeria. Descriptive survey research design was used. The population of the study comprised undergraduate students of Olabisi Onabanjo University (OOU), Ago-Iwoye, Ogun State and Lagos State University (LASU), Lagos State for the academic session of 2019/2020. A total of six hundred (600) undergraduate students of OOU and LASU were chosen using purposive sampling technique. Researcher Instrument tagged: Entrepreneurship Education and Self-Reliance Questionnaire (ENESRQ) with 0.75 as reliability coefficients was used for data collection. Descriptive statistics of mean and bar-chart were used for answering research questions one and two. Multiple regression analysis was used in answering research question three. The findings revealed that inadequate funding, inadequate teaching facilities, entrepreneurship curriculum contents, hasty preparation and poor enterprising culture were among the challenges preventing entrepreneurship education from achieving it is primary aims and objectives. Curiosity, time management, creativity, strategic thinking, efficiency, resilience, communication, networking, finance, branding and sales/marketing were among the needed entrepreneurship skills for graduates’ self-reliance. About 79% of the variance in graduates’ self-reliance in state universities in South-West, Nigeria was accounted for by the linear combination of the independent variables. It was recommended that entrepreneurship village should be established across universities in Nigeria to equip the undergraduate students’ entrepreneurship skills needed for self-reliance after graduation. Upgrading of lecturer quality through employment of professional and qualified lecturers and provision of in-service training and re-training.


Entrepreneurship Education, Challenges, Undergraduates, Self-Reliance, State Universities

Full Text:



Abdullahi, M. I., & Jabor, M. K. B. (2019). Influence of entrepreneurial education on skills acquisition and attitudes of University Graduates towards self reliance in Nigeria. Journal of Science Technology and Education, 7(4), 30-41.

Afolabi, M. O., Kareem, F. A., Okubanjo, I. O., Ogunbanjo, O. A., & Aninkan, O. O. (2017). The effect of entrepreneurship education on self-employment initiatives among science and technology students of Gateway Polytechnic, Saapade Remo, Ogun State, Nigeria. Journal of Education and Practice, 8(15), 44-51.

Akpan, C., & Etor, C. (2013). University lecturers’ perception of entrepreneurship education as an empowerment strategy for graduate self- employment in South- South Nigeria. International Journal of Asian Social Science, 3(5), 1180-1195.

Amadi, E. A., & Amakodi, S. E. (2019). Factors influencing the implementation of entrepreneurship education in tertiary institutions in Rivers State. International Journal of Innovative Social and Science Education Research, 7(2), 22-36.

Evans-Obinna, M. (2016). Entrepreneurship education for self reliance and economic development in Nigeria. International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education Research, 2(2), 9-14.

Kareem, R., Ademoyewa, G., Jolaosho, S., Ojenike, J., & Sodiq, L. (2015). Entrepreneurship education and self-reliance: case study of Crescent University, Abeokuta, Ogun state, Nigeria. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa, 17(5), 33-45.

Nwosu, E. N., Oforka, T. D., & Omeje, J. C. (2015). Gender perception of the utilization of entrepreneurial education for youth empowerment. International Journal of Educational research Official Journal of faculty of Education, 10 (2), 46 – 58.

Nwosu, J. C., & John, H. C. (2018). Entrepreneurship education and the challenges of graduate employability in Nigeria. International Journal of Innovation, Management and Technology, 9(5), 189-193.

Otegbulu, I., Nnabuike, M., Ani, K. E., & Ngozi, R. (2015). Issues and challenges of entrepreneurship education in Nigeria. IJSAR Journal of Advancement in Education and Computing (IJSAR-JAEC), 2(2), 65-69.

Salabson, A. I. (2020). The influence of entrepreneurship education among senior secondary school students in Billiri LGA of Gombe State. An International Scientific Journal, 143, 1-16.

Uzoegwu, P. N., & Egbe, C. I. (2014). Inclusion of entrepreneurship education in the curriculum of Nigerian Universities for self reliance: challenges and prospects. International Journal of English and Literature (IJEL), 4(6), 95-104.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Fatimat Oluwakemi Binta Shoge

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.










 ISSN (Print):   2695-2319

ISSN (Online): 2695-2327





Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.