Odinakolisa Christopher Okudo (PhD), Nneka Anthonia Obumse (PhD)


This study investigated the relationship between causes of teenage pregnancy and family background characteristics of parents from south eastern states of Nigeria. Four research questions and a null hypothesis guided the study. Correlation survey design was adopted for the study. The population of the study was all the senior secondary (SSII) students in south eastern states of Nigeria during the 2020/2021 academic year. The sample size consisted of 3000 students chosen through multi-stage sampling techniques. The research instrument was a questionnaire made of 40 items in four clusters and the data collected were analysed using mean scores for research question 1 and Pearson product moment of correlation for research questions 2, 3 and 4. The hypothesis was tested using -t-test for correlations. The findings revealed among others that there is high positive relationship between the family background characteristics of parents (socioeconomic status, family level of expenditure, parenting/socialization styles) and causes of teenage pregnancy in south eastern states of Nigeria. There was found to be a high positive relationship between causes of teenage pregnancy and socioeconomic factors of parents, levels of family expenditure and parenting styles and socialization. The following recommendations were made; a teenager is like a yam tendril that needs attention, care and concern, these should be provided for them, organization of sex education for both parent and girl child to be encouraged, legal/punitive measures should be severed for adult offenders of teenage pregnancy. 


Family, Parents, Background Characteristics, Relationship, Teenage Pregnancy.

Full Text:



Achi and I.J. (2019). Incidence of teenage pregnancy among adolescents in Secondary Schols in Anambra State:Journal of Educational research and development vol3(1) 103 – 114.

Arkutu, A. (2013). Healthy women, healthy mothers, New York, Family care International.

Audu. J. (2014). Associated factors, incidence and complication of pregnancies among adolescent’s girls in zango Kafat L.G.A: unpublished dissertation in the Faculty of Education University of Nigeria Nsukka

Bissel, M. (2014). Socioeconomic outcome of teen pregnancy and parenthood, a review of literature:Canadian journal of human sexuality 9(3) 191-204.

Bonell, C. A (2015). Socio-emotional processing and negotiating complex interpersonal decisions U.S.A: Cerone publishers

Corey, S.M. (2014). Designing a curriculum for student development. Bulletin of national association of secondary school principals 32, 108 – 109

Emeka, I. D &Ezebube, N.C. (2019). Parental involvement, interest in schooling and school environment as predictors of academic self-efficacy among Junior Secondary schools students in Anambra State: Journal of educational research and development. Vol 3 (1) 247 – 257.

Ezeilo, J. (2014). Legal Constraints to adolescents sexual and reproductive health rights in Nigeria. Benin city, women health and action research center.

Hanna, B. (2012). Negotiating motherhood, the struggle of teenage mothers: Journal of advanced nursing 34 (4) 456 – 464.

Holmes, D.S (2011). Abnormal psychology. New York Happer Collins Publishers Ltd.

letanro, S. (2013). Prenatal and child birth leading causes of death in teenage girls of developing countries. Journal of BSJ, 28 (3) 49-47.

Melgosa, J. (2015). To adolescents and parents. Spain, Marpa Arfes pub.

Melissa, S. (2013). Teenage pregnancy: an unresolved issue. Curahonus, 16 (1) 11 – 14.

Mohase, T. (2015). Influence of teenage and parenting on the performance of Soshanguve Secondary School teachers. Unpublished Dissertation Tshwane University of Technology.

Molborn, D. (2007). Sex before marriage: New Delhi; prestige pub.

Muhammed .K, Ismail, A & Maona, O. (2011). The young pregnant teenager: why thepoor outcome? Central African Journal of Medicine, 35 (5) 403 – 406.

Negi, J.J. (2016). Early pregnancy: Concept and meaning. Journal of Family Health 2(3) 4-6.

NewComer, B.J&Undry, J.D (2014). Initiation of crises in early adolescence. American sociology review 52 (6) 97 – 100.

Ogbunude, I.M (2019). Managerial Strategies for delivering sexuality education to students in secondary schools for effective positive outcome. Journal of Educational research and development vol 3 (1), 173 – 183.

Okudo . O. C (2013). Adolescent appraisal of family background characteristics as determinant of their psychosocial adjustment levels. Unpublished dissertation in the department of guidance and counselling, faculty of Education University of Nigeria Nsukka.

Onwuzulike, N.M (2014). Adolescents’ pregnancy: Issues and prevention strategies. Paper presented at the annual conference of the Nigeria Association of health education teachers (NAHET), Awka.

Rollins, L.C&Thomas, D.C (2013). Parental support and control techniques in socialization of children. Journal of Educational psychology 106 (2) 120 – 131.

Uba, A. (2002). Human developmental psychology of childhood and adolescents, Lagos. Computer edge publishers.

Ukekwe, G.(2014). Adolescents and child bearing. International journal of Asia, social science, 6(2). 406-411

Unachukwu, G. C & Ebenebe, R.C. (1997). Developmental psychology and education. Enugu: Agatha series pub.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Odinakolisa Christopher Okudo (PhD), Nneka Anthonia Obumse (PhD)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.










 ISSN (Print):   2695-2319

ISSN (Online): 2695-2327





Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.