Kanayochukwu Michael Okoye (PhD), Ndidiamak Vivian Ugwu (PhD), Emmanuel Chijindu Asogwa (PhD)


The issue of peaceful co-existence among the ethnic groups that make up Nigeria has been a challenge to the government of the Federation. Notwithstanding the various attempts made to ensure peace and national integration, Nigeria socio-political scene has been decimated with plethora of crisis with devastating consequences, especially on the basis of ethnic identification or ethnicity. Just like the Nigerian State, the early church faced the problem of group identity and intergroup bias, which posed a threat to the unity, progress and its evangelical mandate. However, the community rose up to the challenge and peace was ensued. This work therefore explores the implication of Acts 6: 1-7 to the challenges of ethnicity and national integration in Nigeria using the Synchronic exegetical approach. From the text, we discovered that that the problem of ethnicity and national integration in Nigeria is not in its heterogeneous nature but in its leadership. The quest for national integration must begin with the willingness of the leadership to address the issues of social injustice and discrimination through a call for national dialogue, to harness opinions that will make for national integration.


Acts 6:1-7, Ethnicity, Marginalization, Integration, Intergroup conflicts.

Full Text:



Achebe C. (1984). The trouble with Nigeria. USA: Heinemann Educational Book.

Akinyemi, B. (2001). Nigeria devolution of power: Perquisite for national unity. Lagos: Nigeria Vanguard.

Akinyemi, B. (2001). Comet, June 6.

Allport, G., W. (1954). The nature of prejudice. London: Addison-Wesley.

Bacik, G. (2002). A discussion on ethnic identity. Turkish Journal of International Relations 1,

Cashmore, E. E. (1996). Dictionary of Roles and Ethnic Relations, London: Routledge.

Fisher, R. J. (1994). Generic principles for resolving intergroup conflict. Journal of social issues, 50, 47-66,

Gaertner, S. L., Dovidio, J. F., Anastasia, P. A., Bachman, B. A., & Rust M.C (1993). The common group identity model: Re-categorization and the reduction of intergroup bias. In W. Strobe & M. Hewstone (Eds.) European Review of Social Psychology, 4, (pp. 1-26) Chichesters, England. Wiley

Hutchinsom, J., &. Smith, A. D. (Eds.) (1996). Ethnicity. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Iredia, T. (2011). The Reality of Competitive Ethnicity. Nigeria Sunday Trust, November, 27.Retrieved from http:// on 12/3/ 2014.

Kellas J. G (1998). The Politics of nationalism and ethnicity. New York: St Martin’s Press.

Khalid, S. (2000). Ethno-Religious Conflicts in North-Western Nigeria: Myth and Reality. A Paper Presented at the ISTR-Africa Region Conference on “The role of Civic Society in the Challenges Confronting Africa” at Cotonou, Republic of Benin, May 7th-10th, 2004. Available: Accessed 5/9/13.

Okafor F. U. (Ed.) (1997) New strategies for curbing ethnic and religious conflict in Nigeria.Enugu: Fourth Dimension Publishers Ltd.

Okpu U. (1990). Ethnic Minority Problem in Nigeria Politics 1960-1965. In S. A. Ravok, Ethnicity in Nigeria. Retrieved from on 31/3/16.

Omu, F. I. A., (1999). Ethnicity, nationalism and federalism in Nigeria: An interactive trinity of relationship. Benin Journal of Historical Studies, 2.

Onwu, E. N. (Ed.) (1996).Biblical perspective for peace, development and reconstruction: Its socio-religious implication for the churches in Africa. Nsukka Journal of Religious Studies 1, 1, (pp. 6-18). Umuahia: Slyva Printers.

Osaghae, E. E. & Suberu R. T. (2005). A history of identities, violence and instability in Nigeria. Centre for research on Inequality, Human Security and Ethnicity (CRISE), Working Paper No. 6 Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford.

Schemerhorn, R. (1970). Comparative Ethnic Relations. New York: Random House, Incorporated.

Sherif, M. (1966). In common Predicament: Social psychology of intergroup conflict and cooperation. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Solomon, J. (2008.). Race and Racism in Britain. In M. Holborn and M. Haralambos, Sociology: Theme and Perspective. London|: Harper Collins Publisher Ltd.

Sumner, W. G. (1906). Folkways. Baston, MA: Ginn.

Trimble, J.E and Dickson, R (2005) Ethnic Identity. In C. B. Fishers and R. M Learner (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Applied Developmental Science vol. 1., (pp 415-420). Thousand Oaks Sage.

Uka, E. M. (2012). Religious situation in Nigeria: A case of Christian persecution not religious conflict: A review. Professor Bassey Andah Journal of Cultural Studies, 5, 1-20.

Vine, W. E. (1996). Vine’s complete expository dictionary of Old and New Testament words.Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.

Zetterholm, M. (2003). The Formation of Christianity in Antioch: A Social-Scientific Approach to the Separation Between Judaism and Christianity. London: Routledge.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Kanayochukwu Michael Okoye (PhD), Ndidiamak Vivian Ugwu (PhD), Emmanuel Chijindu Asogwa (PhD)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.










 ISSN (Print):   2695-2319

ISSN (Online): 2695-2327





Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.